Remembering musician Bulo C Rani on his 24th death anniversary.

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Bulo C Rani (6 March 1920–24 May 1993) was a prominent Indian music director. He was a popular music director in Bollywood from the forties till sixties. He scored music for 71 films from 1943–72.

Bulo’s career started in 1939 under Ranjit Movietone. His initial days in Bollywood were full of struggle and hard work. As he started to work, he met some very big personalities who were very prominent names in music then such as Ghulam Haider, D. N. Madhok etc. In the early 1940s, Bulo worked in some films as an assistant to Khemchand Prakash. He assisted Khemchand in the movies like Tansen, Chandni, Sukh Dukh (1942) and Shahenshah Babar (1944). He sang his first playback song “Ruth Na Pyaar Mein” under Khemchand in the film Mehmaan (1942). Though he was an assistant music director, he composed the song “Dukhiya Jiyara” in the film Tansen, sung by Khursheed. The song’s credit went to Khemchand Prakash, the composer of that soundtrack. In 1943, he worked as an assistant to Gyan Dutt in two films- Paigham and Shankar Parvati. In the film Shankar Parvati, the song “O Jogan O Bairaagi” became a hit. Despite him composing the song, it was credited as a Gyan Dutt composition. However, he managed to sing in six films that year.

His first film as a composer was Caravan (1944). The same year, he sang in a film Pagli Duniya. In that film, he changed his name temporarily to Bhola. But later on he sang many songs under this name till the end of his career. But he continued as Bulo C Rani for music direction. In 1945, he composed songs in films like Moorti and Pehli Nazar. Moorti was a popular musical and Mukesh sang one of his first hit songs in the film, “Badariya Baras Gai Us Paar”.[4] Some of Rani’s other hits in the forties include Rajputani (1946) and Anjuman (1948). His best work till date came in the early 1950s — Jogan (1950), Wafa (1951) and Bilwamangal (1954). Bilwamangal was one of his last soundtracks which contained classic songs of Suraiya and C. H. Atma. The songs of that film became popular with one number in particular, “Hum Ishq Ke Maron Ko”, which was sung by Suraiya with lyrics by D. N. Madhok.[5] As the new generation of composers like Shankar Jaikishan, Salil Chowdhury, O P Nayyar were becoming prominent in Indian cinema, Bulo was no longer as active by the late 1950s. However, he continued to compose for films till the mid-sixties. Some of his songs in this period were hits such as “Humein Toh Loot Liya” (Al Hilaal, 1958), “Mangne Se Jo Maut Mil Jati” (Sunehre Qadam, 1966).

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